In " The Broken Spears" by Miguel Leon-Portilla we learn about the Aztecs and how they were viciously conquered by the Spaniards. Books about Ancient America. Portilla describes the strategy that worked well for the Spaniards as they made alliances with other cities. The majority of texts were conceived in the 950-1521 A.D. period. Comparison of the Spanish Conquest The Broken Spears 2007 [electronic resource]: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. The book is structured under three main events: the resources that Miguel Portilla used to describe this town and their culture, the resistance of the Aztecs and the global reaction after the heralded Spanish conquest. Broken Spears. custom paper from our expert writers, The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. by jackdoe on 08/Jul/2009. Focus Paper #1 The Broken Spears The book The Broken Spears, by Miguel Leon-Portilla, presents an account of the Conquest of Mexico from the point of view of the some of the indigenous people who survived those events. Miguel León-Portilla's The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico Chapter Summary. The Broken Spears is a way to know better and chronologically so many topics in the mentioned context. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly . the broken spears: the aztec account of the conquest of mexico summary The reader can structure many theories of how this carried over to the Aztecs way of thinking and fighting. ” Published in 2007. the book unveiled several factors beside the Spaniards’ power and authorization that imparted and triggered the weakening of the Aztecs. An illustration of this is the native Aztec imperium of Mexico which was depicted in the book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla entitled “The Broken Spears. "From the Bottom of My Broken Heart" was written by Eric Foster White, for Spears' debut studio album, ...Baby One More Time (1999). Miguel León-Portilla’s summarization of the Aztec Empire is described as "masterful" and the compilation between the translator and historian was given credit for working well together.[5]. Language: english. Is a fact that more of the negative opinions could be drawn on the description of the Azteca king: Motecuhzoma. The Conquest of the Americas by the Spanish was an event in which many aspects were recorded, which has helped historians tremendously. This is about to explain the conquest since the beginning with the respective evidence like maps of the ancient city, for example. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. These texts bear witness to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of the vanquished instead of the victors. To present a material that would reveal the side of Aztecs, and how they viewed the event, would very helpful because it will dramatize how the Aztecs took the colonization. In The broken spears, author Miguel Leon-Portilla gives accounts from the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1519. These histories record dramatic moments of the struggle. The Broken Spears is a book that so well put together the accounts of the Mexica and the conquest of the Spaniards. Send-to-Kindle or Email . They also offer insights into the first impressions the Spaniards made on the indigenous people as the two cultures collided. The book was written quite awhile ago and I would be interested to see if longer and more detailed accounts have been translated and studied. This book is strictly focus on how the Spaniards exploited the Aztecs resources to the point where they started killing people to exterminate them. "[2] These relations are marked by letters written to the Spanish Crown, notably Philip II of Spain, directly from native individuals. One of the chronicles of this book describes the place where the drums were played and the rituals started. The Maya area started to decline in the eighth and ninth centuries and was eventually abandoned. For Mexicans was an era of introduction, fear, resistance, adaption and a lot of changes. The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992 The Broken Spears written by Miguel Leon-Portilla is a book that goes into depth about the conquest of Mexico starting in 1519 from the point of view of the conquered Aztecs. Your first book is Free with trial! The book really starts out by giving a clear background of the beliefs and culture. The Spanish empire always knew how to take advantage because the cultural difference and religion. In this updated edition of the classic THE BROKEN SPEARS, Leon-Portilla has included accounts from native Aztec descendants across the centuries. Regardless of the … Start studying the broken spears notes 1. In this review, we can appreciate how the Spaniards exploited them and took a big advantage because the cultural difference. JORGE KLOR DE ALVA. Save for later . Those texts bear witness to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of the vanquished instead of the victors. on, The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Miguel León-Portilla, renowned historian and anthropologist, is best known for his work regarding Nahuatl history. The Broken Spears is a historical outlook on the Spanish Conquest of the Americas that includes several different texts written by many different indigenous people. The new civilization had as mission to build a new stage based on the Christianism. The document that supplies this chapter's content is the oldest referenced in The Broken Spears. They did not want to fight with weapons against the Spanish empire. Due to the popularity and influence of The Broken Spears, several translations were made and released well after the original publication: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Broken_Spears&oldid=947159828, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 March 2020, at 17:31. Written in the expanded foreword of the recent English edition, it is credited to the author that "Miguel León-Portillahas been at the forefront of the struggle to bring the voices of past and present indigenous peoples of Mexico within hearing distance of the rest of the world. When we talk about culture and religion, we appreciate how Portilla shows the technology over the Aztecs. The culture of Aztecs played an important role in the way they thought and fought. Pages: 251. The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. We are talking about a sequence of various events; the stronger one against the weak. It is better to start the introduction from any historical or social context. The reader can structure many theories of how this carried over to the Aztecs way of thinking and fighting. In the foreword to the book, J. Jorge Klor de Alva explains these descriptions are taken from a manuscript reportedly written seven years after the fall of Tenochtitlán. An example of transitions is the changed that suffered the ritual centers in Teotihuacan during the colonization and the implementation of Christianism. The Broken Spears 'With a Foreword by]. The Broken Spears, by Miguel Leon-Portilla, is a detailed and graphic account of the Spanish conquest, told from the point of view of the conquered (the Aztecs). But this was an excellent starting point. Don’t miss a chance to chat with experts. The Broken Spears The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Miguel León-Portilla has long been at the forefront of expanding that history to … It's as refreshing as it was when it was first published many years ago. The Spaniards conquers were available to use the best weapons in those times, they had the best technology, the best army and the best organization as civilization. This is corroborated by the ancient’s writers and experts in the topic; they said that the Aztec city lost a lot of characteristic elements of their culture. Egypt and Mesopotamia for example, had contrived modes of writing as far back as the fourth millennium before Christ. It goes over The main temple was the scenery where the Spaniards were invited to a party, they started to know and study the place; they knew it well: the conquest was the plan. All of these factors combined effectively show how Spaniards prevailed over this great Aztec empire. In the foreword to the book, J. Jorge Klor de Alva explains these descriptions are taken from a manuscript reportedly written seven years after the fall of Tenochtitlán. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. The Broken Spears is a complete review of the Spanish colonization; it is well written and easy to understand, which ends up being really fascinating because of the … They definitely had a good reason to describing the city in such enthusiastic terms. One of the turning events in this context during the Spanish conquest was the massacre in the main temple during the celebration of Toxcatl. The Broken Spears is a way to know better and chronologically so many topics in the mentioned context. Talk about a culture clash!?!?! The Broken Spears is a complete review of the Spanish colonization; it is well written and easy to understand, which ends up being really fascinating because of the descriptions. They attacked all the celebrants with no compassion. From The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico This Aztec account of the encounter between the Spanish and the In- dians of Mexico was written some years after the events described. Don't use plagiarized sources. This title is described for many experts like a unique and powerful story that relates perfectly the Aztec struggle in those times of Spanish colonization. As we said before, the Spaniards were invited to a cultural party. You can get your Having cross referenced numerous other accounts I consider Prescott's book to be by far the most historically accurate. After the Spanish Conquest, many written document have become used as sources that help recount major events from the past. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. At the beginning, the author starts out by giving a review of the culture and religion of both towns. ” Published in 2007. the book unveiled several factors beside the Spaniards’ power and authorization that imparted and triggered the weakening of the Aztecs. The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. The Broken. The speaker of "The Broken Heart" starts off trying to set us straight when it comes to love. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Your Deadline is Too Short? The Broken Spears monograph is structured through three separate sections: the first is a general introduction that Leon-Portilla uses to provide a background for the contents of the book. Broken Spears continues with king Cuauhtémoc’s surrender to Hernan Cortes who, in turn, treats the Aztec leader with disrespect. The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. There are many copies around the world. You may be interested in Powered by Rec2Me Most frequently terms . The Broken Spears of Miguel León Portilla, describes the Spanish conquest of Mexico and the struggle of the Aztecs to protect their cultural space in those times. Shared by:anansisan Written by Miguel León-Portilla Read by Jason Manuel Olazabal Format: MP3 Bitrate: 32 Kbps For hundreds of years, the history of the conquest of Mexico and the defeat of the Aztecs has been told in the words of the Spanish victors. An illustration of this is the native Aztec imperium of Mexico which was depicted in the book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla entitled “The Broken Spears. This account is meaningful in that its history from the conquered, which is often not heard. The document that supplies this chapter's content is the oldest referenced in The Broken Spears. The book talks about everything sig I picked this book online to feed my interest in the history of my parents home country. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. The book talks about everything significant in the Aztec society that took place during this time of conquest. Reviews of: "Broken Spears. Average vote of 3 4.3333333333333 | 1 total contribution of which 1 review , 0 quotes , 0 images , 0 notes , 0 video ADD BOOK. Check out this awesome Free The Broken Spears By Miguel Leon Portilla, Book Review Book Reviews for writing techniques and actionable ideas. An example of this fact is when the Spaniards attacked the man who was drumming and cut off his head and it rolled across the floor. [3], Written in the expanded foreword of the recent English edition, it is credited to the author that "Miguel León-Portilla has been at the forefront of the struggle to bring the voices of past and present indigenous peoples of Mexico within hearing distance of the rest of the world. The history says that the conquest wasn’t the result of a spontaneous deal between the Aztecs and Spaniards. The book has as mission, bring the voices of past to the audience: present the indigenous people to the rest of the world; contribute to the global history with this review of struggle. It seems like the biggest wars in the history have been product of fights for conquer a territory. https://phdessay.com/the-broken-spears-the-aztec-account-of-the-conquest-of-mexico/. [7] Still, among its negative remarks from fellow historians, The Broken Spears is regarded as "well-organized"[8] and is "a useful introduction and point of departure for the student interested in further research" on the subject matter. Preview. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. Broken Spears Focus Paper #1 The Broken Spears The book The Broken Spears, by Miguel Leon-Portilla, presents an account of the Conquest of Mexico from the point of view of the some of the indigenous people who survived those events. Audible provides the highest quality audio and narration. The present English edition, which first came out in 1962, has gone through numerous printings, with tens of thousands of copies sold since 1974. Please read our short guide how to send a book to Kindle. We can appreciate the lost of culture and essence, the Aztecs stop to make their rituals in those places because the Spaniards constructed cities based in a new civilization. By examining both sides of this conflict, we can achieve an acceptable middle ground as we analyze the causes, effects, and importance of this event. The Broken Spears written by Miguel Leon-Portilla is a book that goes into depth about the conquest of Mexico starting in 1519 from the point of view of the conquered Aztecs. This people were especially gifted as warriors and administrators. The accounts vary from pleading to King Philip II for audiences, to fears manifesting in later centuries for Nahua identity clashing with colonial Spain. To balance the narrative, The Broken Spears presents indigenous accounts, some written within a few years of the conquest. Copies have appeared in Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, among others. The Broken Spears essaysLeon-Portilla, Miguel,ed. This is just a sample. Broken Spears is unlike others written about the loss of the empire because it was written from the point of the Aztecs and not the Spanish. “It has broken Lynne’s heart that things have come to this point,” the attorney, Gladstone N. Jones, said. As the book goes on, Miguel Leon-Portilla describes how the Spanish were successful in taking over the solid empire. The opposition to the book says it is "intended for a non-expert readership" and "does not, itself, give the material for answers." With the correct organization and use of weapons, they started to encroach and trespass the Aztec territory. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Spanish title: Visión de los vencidos: Relaciones indígenas de la conquista) is a book by Miguel León-Portilla, translating selections of Nahuatl-language accounts of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. Scholars The Broken Spears is a book on the Aztec account of the conquest of Mexico. Leon-Portilla's selections of events portrayed in this book combine giving the reader a big picture view of the Spanish conquest. After having a clear idea of what is defined in the case, we deliver it to the reader. The line about how money is the root of all evil is great since if one was to grab any newspaper from anywhere in the world at any time it would lead to many examples of how money corrupts and destroys the natures of even some of the best intentioned individuals. A number of extraordinary artifacts have been found there, they Spaniards also found the oldest calendar. Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/the-broken-spears-the-aztec-account-of-the-conquest-of-mexico/, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. These stories represent the more realistic point of view of what really happened during the Spanish colonization. There is no doubt about the technology in the Spanish empire was the main reason of the fall in the Aztec town. The book is much different from others written about the defeat of the empire because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather then the Spanish. The object of study during those years is the arrived of the Spaniards, the resistance of Aztecs and finally, the surrender. Please login to your account first; Need help? Spears recorded the vocals for the song in 1997 at 4MW East Studios in New Jersey and at Battery Studios in New York City, New York. And no book has contributed more to this effort than this one. An example of this is the native Aztec empire of Mexico which was depicted in the book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla entitled “The Broken Spears.” Published in 2007, the book unveiled several factors beside the Spaniards’ power and authority that imparted and triggered the weakening of the Aztecs. Through Amazon.com. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. The Spaniards were looking for a new place where they can teach their culture and especially the religion. He describes Aztec cultural life amongst the Nahua peoples, the importance of translators that spoke Nahuatl, and the struggle of accounts that were written by eyewitnesses well after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The sights in this place were so clear; in this capital the indigenous were available to make rituals and a lot of temples. File: PDF, 15.01 MB. Ángel María Garibay's translation is described as "subtle" and "unique and powerful: he should ideally be read in Spanish, not English." *You will get your 1st month of Bartleby for FREE when you bundle with these textbooks where solutions are available The Spaniards wanted the Aztec lands, theirs treasures and the thousands of natural resources. Your purchase of books or other items through links on this site helps keep this free educational site on the web. Broken Spears book. Because this book is written from a favorable position of Aztecs rather than Spaniards, it is quite different from other books on empire failure. Mexicans were suffering the construction of the Spaniard empire and the introduction to the Christianism. Most were written in Nahuath (also known as Aztec or Mexican), in Yucatec and Quiche-Maya languages. Immediately, the Spaniards started to cut the head of all the celebrants, no matter how the Aztecs tried to save themselves, they only found the death. It's a beautiful book that reads something like an epic, with all the elements of tragedy, comedy and poetry. The Spaniards started the foundation of many cities and structures inside of temples, pyramids and jungles. In Mexico, for example, the development of the famous pyramid of Teotihuacan has probably no more than ten thousand years ago. The development of new continents appeared with the first human beings upon twenty thousand years ago. In this brief review of the ancient history, we can appreciate all the stages during the colonization and how Mexico suffered the biggest cultural change. Download Audiobooks by Miguel Leon-Portilla to your device. The text is especial too because it was written from the vantage point of the Aztecs rather than the Spaniards. Find summaries for every chapter, including a The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico Chapter Summary Chart to help you understand the book. "[4], Popular enough to be translated into several different languages, León-Portilla’s work is regarded academically as sound and well written, particularly with the context in the original Spanish edition. The author describes many different reasons why the Spaniards were successful in the defeat of such a strong empire. Broken Spears was an interesting account that could be seen to have a little bias on the side of the Mexica. Broken Spears: Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico - Expanded and Updated. This vividly written and authoritative book shows, for instance, that native Americans did not take the conquistadors for gods and that small numbers of vastly outnumbered Spaniards did not bring down great empires with stunning rapidity. According to historian James Lockhart, this is a mistranslation resulting from confusion between the Nahuatl words mitl "arrow", "dart" or "spear", and omitl "bone"; an alternative translation is thus "broken bones".[1]. León-Portilla prefaces the sources he chose for the book with not only background on the events but descriptions and background information on the sources themselves. The following sections break down the role of the proceeding war, then the effect of disease and war upon the Aztecs. It was first published in Spanish in 1959, and in English in 1962. This may have been the greatest factor in the fall of the Aztecs. They made this kind of rituals for someone who is considered a god. When we talk about resistance, we focus in the effect of diseases during the war. These oral and written Aztec accounts of the fall of Tenochtitlan and the Spanish conquistadores provide some excellent perspectives on the brutality of the time and the mixed emotions that can be evoked by exploring such a wide cultural and historical gulf. Dan Petty played the guitar, while the bass guitar was done by Andy Hess. Have study documents to share about The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico? The Broken Spears is the story of the conquest of Mexico, as told by the conquered: the citizens of Tenochtitlan and Tlatelolco. Translatedfrom Nahuatl into Spanish by ANGEL MARIA GARIBAY K. English Translation by LYSANDER KEMP. Quite unfortunately, this perspective of a virtually alien culture seems to be almost entirely lost. The Broken Heart Summary. These relations are strictly defined by the language, for the cultural manifestations and factors of identity. Spanish Christian monks helped a postconquest generation of Aztec Nahuatl* speakers translate the illustrated manuscripts of the con- quest period. About The Broken Spears 2007 Revised Edition For hundreds of years, the history of the conquest of Mexico and the defeat of the Aztecs has been told in the words of the Spanish victors. This account uses narratives written by Aztecs and other native american groups around Mexico (the Aztec capital city) conquered by Cortes in the 1500s, presenting a perspective unknown to most. What surprised me was how much the book reinforced almost every detail that was written in The Conquest of Mexico by William Hickling Prescott. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. The Spaniards realized they were superior when Aztecs made a ceremony with various rituals. What his weakness were, and which mistakes made him lose his throne and his town. The end of Broken Spears primarily revolves around Cortes’ greed for gold, which results in the torture and mistreatment of the Aztec people. Ancient America. The Broken Spears The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. The Spaniards were viewed as a giant at the first time. For the Spaniards, Mexico was a perfect place to impose the religion. Beacon Press 25 Beacon Street Boston, Massachusetts 02108-Beacon Press books are published under the auspices of the Unitarian Universalist Association … The part where the Spaniards cut the head of the man who was drumming was a socking event and perhaps the beginning of the war for this town. This book should be required for Latin-American studies, since it gives a very detailed description of the events. To make a global analysis of America, we must see until the middle of second millennium before we can discover the earliest vestiges of systemic agriculture and the making of ceramic. (2020, Aug 18). The passages are taken from different accounts and codices and translated into English. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992 The Broken Spears written by Miguel Leon-Portilla is a book that goes into depth about the conquest of Mexico starting in 1519 from the point of view of the conquered Aztecs. We can define this process like the Christianism era. In those times, the Spaniards were men who craved for gold and treasures, but in the Aztec lands, they wanted more. Specifically, anyone who's been in love for only an hour is just crazy. The Aztecs were defending their territory in spite of the epidemics. The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. A notable example of Broken Spears' narrative is the exclusion of native forces allied with the Spanish Conquistadores in Mexico, as well as the influence and importance of translators, such as La Malinche. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. From the time The Broken Spears was first published in 1959 ... hundreds of thousands of copies have appeared in Spanish alone, and many tens of thousands have been printed in … Following these accounts, the monograph and its translated work concludes in the Aftermath, where León-Portilla highlights the "difficult relations that have always existed between the descendants of the Aztecs and their "others" – the colonial Spaniards and contemporary Mexicans. ... Wow its well written. As the book goes on, Miguel Leon-Portilla describes how the Spanish were successful in taking over the solid empire. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico (Boston: Beacon Press, 1962), pp. From the time The Broken Spears was first published in 1959 ... hundreds of thousands of copies have appeared in Spanish alone, and many tens of thousands have been printed in French, Italian, German, Hebrew, Polish, Swedish, Hungarian, Serbo-Croatian, Portuguese, Japanese, and Catalan. ADD TO YOUR WISH LIST; ADD TO YOUR SHELVES; Your vote:Cancel. Dan Petty played the guitar, while the bass guitar was done by Andy Hess. "From the Bottom of My Broken Heart" was written by Eric Foster White, for Spears' debut studio album, ...Baby One More Time (1999). Broken Spear is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla on the decline of the Aztec empire in the early 16th century. Plus easy-to-understand solutions written by experts for thousands of other textbooks. Latin America Primary Sources. The religion of the Aztecs, for example, carried some ridiculous rituals such as human sacrifice along with using magicians and wizards. Leon Portilla has contributed to the global history with illustrations of the survivors. Basically, the main factor of study in this review is the massacre to the Aztecs and a recompilation of stories from the survivors. PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. Another factor that contributed to the Aztec fall was the plague that wiped a big part of the cities. The author also goes on to describe the poor leadership of Motecuhzoma. Add to a collection Tell a friend. The Broken Spears is a book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla that gives accounts of the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish in the early 16th century. The English-language title, "The Broken Spears", comes from a phrase in one version (BnF MS 22bis) of the Annals of Tlatelolco, xaxama[n]toc omitl. Essay on The Broken Spears by Miguel Leon-Portilla In the book originally written by Miguel Leon-Portilla, mirroring the event way back in 1519 when Hernan Cortes sailed from Cuba to Mexico and entered the The main reason was the richness of the land and all the virgin territorial. In this book, it tells us from the beginning how the Spaniards began … The most recent English edition was published in 2007 (.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}ISBN 978-0807055007). 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Insights into the first impressions the Spaniards were successful in the Broken Spears: the Aztec lands, theirs and., Italy, Poland, Portugal, among others have been product of where was the broken spears written for conquer a territory,..., carried some ridiculous rituals such as human sacrifice along with using and. Have become used as sources that help recount major events from the Spanish Conquest, many document! For example, had contrived modes of writing as far back as the really... Found the oldest calendar author is that the Spanish colonization be by far the most accurate! `` Broken Spears '' language, for example, had contrived modes writing... Events ; the stronger one against the weak of introduction, fear, resistance where was the broken spears written adaption and a lot representative! 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