Discuss as a class whether or not the physical geography of a particular place is important to deciding where to build a castle. Pevensey castle in East Sussex is an example of a Norman Castle built inside an existing Roman Fort. Introduce Norman castles, using the Background Information notes and images included in this pack. The Architecture of Medieval castles were ambitious - state of the art castles of the Middle Ages. Chepstow Castle Looming from the clifftops above the river Wye, Chepstow was founded as a key defensive position immediately after the Norman invasion. Examples of the Anglo-Norman style in castles are the keep and chapel of the Tower of London (1078–90), Colchester castle (after 1071), and Castle Hedingham (c. 1140). With this in mind, let's look at the major features of a castle… C. Cainhoe Castle: Late 11th or early 12th century motte and bailey castle with three baileys! Motte and Bailey Castles. It has its roots in Norman times, originally built at the end of the 11th century by the then Earl of Arundel, Roger de Montgomery. (1) Richard Fitz Gilbert, like the other Norman leaders, looked for sites that provided natural defences such as a steep hill or a large expanse of water. It is estimated they built 50 castles in the first 20 years after the invasion. As their name suggests they … Motte and Bailey Castles Royal Norman castles had absolutely massive stone keeps that impress even today. Instead of building in wood, they built in stone. Normans' favoured traditional Motte and Bailey style castles but with an important difference. Motte and Bailiey castles were the earliest form of medieval castles built completely from scratch by the Normans. 3. At the time of the Norman conquest, two basic castle forms had developed: the motte and bailey castle, and the enclosure castle. Norman Castles . The Norman period ended in 1154 with the death of King Stephen at Dover Castle. Castles also had to provide necessities for living (like sanitation, fresh water and cooking areas), which were especially important when the castle was under siege. Bramber Castle is the remains of a Norman coastal defence castle which is situated on a defensive hill near the coast. 2. Ask the class to imagine they are … What Disney princess castle is in Tokyo? Arundel Castle is one West Sussex’s greatest attractions with a history spanning nearly a thousand years. Castle designs also changed to keep up with improvements in siege technology. The medieval era is also referred to as the Middle ages and we have spanned this period of time from the Norman Invasion of 1066 to the Tudor dynasty of the Renaissance which ended in 1603 Castles in Norman England An extensive network of castles allowed the Normans to secure their power in England. This one, the large stone keep, was the second. 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